Le Corbusier

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris or as he is known 'Le Corbusier' was born in October 6 in 1887and died in August 27 in 1965. Le Corbusier was mostly known as an architect and was one of the pioneers of modern architecture, but he was also a designer, painter, urban planner and a writer. Generally put, an artist.

Le Corbusier lived in a rapidly industrializing world and the ideas of functionality, standardization and mass production became key concepts on his architectural designs. Like other architects working at the time he made use of newly developed materials like reinforced concrete and sheet glass in his buildings.

Le Corbusier developed five points of architectural design. These were:

  • Raising the building from the ground and supporting the structure on 'pilotes' (reinforced concrete columns) around the perimeter of the building footprints
  • Open internal floor-plans achieved by removal of the necessity to have load bearing internal walls.
  • The creation of a free fa├žade also achieved by the removal of the need for bearing walls
  • The use of elongated horizontal windows to maximise views and natural light
  • The creation of roof gardens to replace the green area taken up by the footprint of the building.

These points are best illustrated in the design of his Maison Citrohan.

In this picture you can see 3D sketches of the Maison Citrohan building design of Le Corbusier from two different angles where you can see some of the principles described above such as the roof garden, the big windows, the horizontal windows etc. And the open internal floor-plans are shown in the sketch below.

The pictures that will follow is the Redbridge Welcome Centre building in London designed by Peter Barber Architects. A building that is inspired by Le Corbusier's design and uses his principles:


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